Gust H suhagra . Bardy, M.D., Warren M. Smith, M.B., Margaret A. Hood, M.B., Ian G. Crozier, M.B., Iain C. Melton, M.B., Luc Jordaens, M.D., Ph.D., Dominic Theuns, Ph.D., Robert E. Park, M.B., David J. Wright, M.D., Derek T. Connelly, M.D., Simon P. Fynn, M.D., Francis D. Murgatroyd, M.D., Johannes Sperzel, M.D.D., Stefan G. Spitzer, M.D., Andrey V. Ardashev, M.D., Ph.D., Amo Oduro, M.B., B.S., Lucas Boersma, M.D., Ph.D., Alexander H. Maass, M.D., Isabelle C. Van Gelder, M.D., Ph.D., Arthur A. Wilde, M.D., Ph.D., Pascal F. Van Dessel, M.D., Reinoud E. Knops, M.D., Craig S. Barr, M.B., Pierpaolo Lupo, M.D., Riccardo Cappato, M.D., and Andrew A. Grace, M.B., Ph.D.1-5 However, conventional ICDs rely on transvenous network marketing leads for cardiac sensing and defibrillation. Complications of defibrillator implantation have already been associated mainly with transvenous lead insertion and have included pneumothorax, hemothorax, and cardiac tamponade.6-10 Difficulties in achieving venous access can prolong the task and occasionally result in failed ICD implantation.11-13 In the long run, lead failure remains a major limitation in the use of ICDs, despite decades of innovations in lead style.12-22 Lead failing either generates inappropriate shocks or impedes appropriate therapy.20-23 Moreover, failed leads require removal often, a procedure that’s associated with considerable morbidity and mortality.24-36 If cardiac pacing is not necessary, there might be a clinical advantage in avoiding the usage of transvenous electrodes.
Mowat, B.V.Sc., Ph.D., Stuart G. Beattie, Ph.D., Peter J. Gardner, Ph.D., Kecia L. Feathers, B.S., Vy A. Luong, B.Sc., Suzanne Yzer, M.D., Ph.D., Kamaljit Balaggan, Ph.D., F.R.C.Ophth., Ananth Viswanathan, Ph.D., F.R.C.Ophth., Thomy J.L. De Ravel, M.D., Ph.D., Ingele Casteels, M.D., Ph.D., Graham E. Holder, Ph.D., Nick Tyler, Ph.D., Fred W. Fitzke, Ph.D., Richard G. Weleber, M.D., Marko Nardini, Ph.D., Anthony T. Moore, F.R.C.Ophth., Debra A. Thompson, Ph.D., Simon M. Petersen-Jones, D.Vet.Med., Ph.D., Michel Michaelides, M.D., F.R.C.Ophth., L. Ingeborgh van den Born, M.D., Ph.D., Andrew Stockman, Ph.D., Alexander J. Smith, Ph.D., Gary Rubin, Ph.D., and Robin R.